The Corps of Engineers issues either general or standard (individual) permits. The Wilmington District uses both regional general permits and nationwide permits that have regional conditions that allow their use in North Carolina.
The general permit program, both through the Nationwide Permit and the Regional General Permit program, are reserved for only the most minor impacts to streams, wetlands and other waters. However, the applicant can realize substantial savings if the project can be scoped to meet the requirements of these types of permits.
Individual permits (IPs - also known as a standard permits - SP) are generally reserved for projects with potential for substantial environmental impacts. An IP requires a full public interest review, including public notices and coordination with involved agencies, interested parties and the general public. Another type of individual permit used for very minor impacts and in special circumstances is the Letter of Permission (LOP).